Steven Kramer is an independent researcher and writer in Wayland, Massachusetts. He received his undergraduate degree in psychology from UCLA, and his doctorate in developmental psychology from the University of Virginia. He has served as a post-doctoral research associate at Vanderbilt University, a psychology professor at Brandeis University, and a researcher at Epidemiological Resources, Inc. in Newton, Massachusetts. Steve’s current research interests include adult development, the meaning of work in human life, and the subjective experience of everyday events inside organizations (inner work life). Previously, he researched the perceptual and cognitive development of infants and young children.